Current Research Projects

Project "Female Employment after Migration (FEM): A Dynamic Approach to Women's work and Family Patterns after Migration"

Background

A large body of literature has amassed that investigates the conditions and processes of the labor market integration of migrants. In this context, female migrants have often been viewed as “tied movers” whose migration decision is subordinate to the behavior of the male breadwinner. How these gendered migration patterns influence the life course of female migrants, however, has often been left unexplored. This project seeks to fill parts of this research gap by adopting a life course approach to examine how female migrants’ employment decisions intersect with the fertility and partnership domain of the life course. Data for this analysis will come from the IAB-Migrant and the Refugee Samples of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), the microcensus and the Integrated Employment Biographies Sample (IEBS). Our analytical sample will include the most recent female migrants who have come to Germany in the years 1990–2015.

Main Research Questions and Goals

Our project fills a research gap in the following ways: Firstly, we provide novel evidence on recent migrants’ behavior based on rich longitudinal data that has become available for Germany. Secondly, we bridge the rather unrelated strands of literature that examine the employment and family behavior of migrants. Thirdly, we investigate how employment intersects with other domains of the life course, in particular how the conditions at migration span forward in time and influence migrants’ family, employment and poverty dynamics.

Duration: 2018 - 2021

Project Funding:

DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - German Research Foundation)


Project ENTRA "Recent Immigration Processes and Early Integration Trajectories in Germany" (ENTRA)

Background

With the financial support of the German Research Foundation (DFG),  Claudia Diehl (University of Konstanz), Matthias Koenig (University of Göttingen) and Cornelia Kristen (University of Bamberg) will work on a new project that deals with dynamics of immigration, and linguistic, structural, and socio-cultural integration processes of recent immigrants in Germany. Based on first findings of the international project SCIP (“Socio-Cultural Integration Processes among New Immigrants in Europe“), it aims to provide new data of a larger group of new immigrants. Herefore, we plan two waves of survey among New Immigrants to enable us to adequately describe new immigrant groups and find answers for current topics of migration research.  The empirical research of new immigrants has three existing deficiencies. First, the relative influence of the effects of country of origin and country of destination remains insolved, as in most cases there is only data of immigrants that have already been living in the destination country for a longer period. Secondly, explanations for the dynamics of integration processes cannot be recognized as in most cases single wave survey data is used. Third, up to now, migration and integration research has mainly concentrated on low qualified labor immigrants and has so far ignored refugees and migration of the highly qualified.

Main Research Questions and Goals

With the help of a standardized survey, in this project new immigrants from Poland, Turkey, Romania , Italy, Syria and Iraq shall be interviewed on topics of immigration and settlement, linguistic and structural integration, as well as acculturation and religion. Thus, we will establish a new data basis appropriate to analyse integration processes in relation to the group of origin, which also considers the internal heterogeneity within the same groups.  On the one hand the selected groups of origin show a clear variance regarding characteristics such as  average education and skill level, religiosity, and causes of migration or flight, while on the other hand the  significance of ethnic group boundaries for group-specific early integration processes can by analysed. Especially for the group of refugees, the comparative perspective within the group is of great importance, as it allows (by taking in consideration their individual features) conclusions on the peculiarities of their integration processes. The project is funded for 3 years with the total sum of 1,400,000 €.

Duration: 2017 - 2020

Project Funding:

DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - German Research Foundation)

Project Partner:

Prof. Dr. Matthias Koenig (Georg-August-University Göttingen and Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity Göttingen)

Prof. Dr. Cornelia Kristen (Otto-Friedrich-University Bamberg)

Researcher:

Daniel Degen


Press release

Project "Refugees and their early Integration in Society and Education" (RISE)

Background

The integration of young refugees at schools, vocational education, and the employment system is of crucial importance for their equal participation and the social acceptance of immigration. Since many of the immigrants are subject to compulsory vocational schools, a fundamental importance is attributed to the system of vocational education. In Baden-Württemberg, the young refugees attend the full-time pre-vocational training measures VABO (pre-vocational training year with the main focus being on learning German–Vorqualifizierungsjahr Arbeit/ Beruf mit Schwerpunkt Erwerb von Deutschkenntnissen).
So far, not much is known about early integration processes of the current immigrants into the (vocational) education system, the employment system, and the society in general. The interdisciplinary study addresses this issue by connecting the perspectives of sociology and educational science. The results concerning the transitions after the VABO-class, German language skills, educational aspirations, and characteristics of integration and acculturation, are supposed to contribute to the reduction of the information- and research deficit.

Main Research Questions and Goals

Which pupils attend the VABO-classes? What are the prerequisites and characteristics they bring along?
The study aims to describe integration-relevant characteristics (e.g. migration biographies), early integration processes into education and work (language skills, transition after attending the VABO-classes) as well as the society (extracurricular integration) in longitudinal section.
 
Which factors can explain inter-individual and group-specific differences in the integration processes?
The question that arises in particular is whether group-specific patterns (e.g. regarding country of origin) can be identified after controlling the individual prerequisites for educational success.

Which methodological findings for data collection among recently immigrated refugees can be drawn?
The survey instruments will be tailored as precisely as possible on the basis of information regarding linguistic skills and the willingness to provide information, as well as the dropout-rates during and between school years.

Method

A survey with two terms of measurement among the refugees, which are subject to compulsory vocational schools and pupils in VABO-classes, will be executed in the administrative district (Regierungsbezirk) Freiburg. The first term of measurement (spring 2017) includes questions about moving, previous education, educational aspiration, family situation and integration indicators (e.g. social contacts, attitudes towards country of destination). The aim of the second survey (end of 2017/ early 2018) is the analysis of changes between the two terms of measurement as well as the transitions and connection solutions after the VABO-class. Instruments used in each term of measurement are online questionnaires and surveys to capture language level and cognitive competence. To overcome language barriers, questionnaires and instructions will be translated into several languages.

Duration: 2016–2018

Project Funding:

The research project is funded through means of the network educational research of the Baden-Württemberg foundation (Netzwerk Bildungsforschung der Baden-Württemberg Stiftung).

Project Partner:

Prof. Dr. Stephan Schumann


Researcher:

Elisabeth Maué

Project Website:

http://www.rise-study.com


Project "Advancing the European Multilingual Experience" (AThEME)

Background

In the EU-Project AThEME, Claudia Diehl and Janet Grijzenhout are involved in the workpackage "Heritage Languages and Language Users in the EU". Heritage language speakers are speakers that acquire a heritage language (the parents‘ language) as well as the surrounding dominant language of the society. 

The aim of the project is to investigate sociolinguistic factors that contribute in the acquisition of the heritage language and in the dominant language.

Duration: 2014-2018

Project Funding:

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration under Grant Agreement no. 613465.

Cooperation Partner:

Prof. Janet Grijzenhout
Prof. Josef Bayer

Researcher:

Monika Lindauer


Project Website:

http://www.atheme.eu/


Project "Migrants’ Welfare State Attitudes" (MIFARE)

Background

This research proposal is among the first to focus on migrants’ attitudes towards the welfare state. In Europe, the field of research on welfare state attitudes has ignored the perspective of migrants almost completely. Due to migrants’ socialization in different welfare regimes, and their often disadvantaged socio-economic positions, the migrant perspective provides a unique opportunity to test the central theories in the field on the role of self-interest, group-loyalty and of socialization in different welfare regimes.

Research Questions and Goals

We aim to study migrants’ welfare state attitudes, and to explain differences across migrant groups, as well as differences compared to the overall public opinion in the country of origin and the host country. With this innovative focus we answer questions that cut across the call’s themes of ‘People and the welfare state’, ‘Inequalities and diversity’ and ‘Future politics’. We rely on existing cross-national datasets such as the ISSP. However, we also propose a harmonized and unique data collection among migrants in the destination countries Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.

We composed a team with expertise on data collection among migrants, on public opinion research, and expertise on welfare state attitudes in particular. The project offers five young researchers (3 postdocs and 2 PhDs) the opportunity to continue or start their academic career including the opportunity to spend some time in another country involved in the project. The investment in this project will result in two dissertations, five research articles by each of the postdocs and a book compiled by the seniors involved. The unique focus on migrants provides both the academic community and policy makers with insights on new groups in society.

Duration: 2015–2018

Project Funding:

DFG / Norface (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Cooperation in Europe)

Project Partner:

Prof. Dr. Marcel Lubbers, Universität Nijmegen (Principal Investigator)
Prof. Dr. Christian Albrekt Larsen, Aalborg University

Prof. Dr. Theresa Kuhn, University of Amsterdam

Researchers:

Dr. Verena Seibel
Daniel Degen, M.A.

Project Website:

https://welfarestatefutures.org


Project "Religiosity, Cultural Resources and Educational Achievement"

The aim of this project is understanding in how far religiosity of the individual - especially the role of Islam - influences educational achievement in Germany. A special focus is on the significance of religious affiliation and individual religiosity to reveal inequalities in individual competences, grades at school and school types. We also investigate whether there are evidences for discriminatory processes.

For this work, we use data collected in the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Survey in Four European Countries (www.cils4.eu). CILS4EU, supported by DFG/Norface, collected data from children of immigrants and their majority peers (parents and teachers) in four European Countries and the data is available for scientific research. In this project only the data of the German wave was analysed.

Duration: 2016–2017

Project Partner:

Prof. Dr. Matthias Koenig (Georg-August-University Göttingen and Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity Göttingen)

Project Funding:

Stiftung Mercator

Researcher:

Patrick Fick


Religiosity, Cultural Resources and Educational Achievement (German version)